Kawai Gyokudo (1873-1957) was a Meiji to Showa period Japanese painter. He was born in the Aichi prefecture under the name Kawai Yoshisaburo. He also used alias, Guan. After learning Shijo-style under Mochizuki Kyokusen and Kono Bairei, he studied under the acclaimed Kano painter, Hashimoto Gaho, one of the founders of the Nihon Bijutsuin (the Japan Art Institute). He is known for his rich and poetic paintings of Japanese landscapes and the development of a highly personal aesthetic. He, alongside Yokoyama Taikan and Takeuchi Seiho is known as one of the three great masters of Japanese painting. He is a receiver of the Bunkakunsho (Order of Culture), a prestigious Japanese award.