Tomioka Tessai was (1837 – 1924) was a Japanese painter of the Meiji-Taisho era. Born in Kyoto, his real name was Yusuke, which he later changed to Hyakuren. He studied Japanese and Chinese language and literature, as well as poetry from an early age. He became a working student of poet Otagaki Rengetsu and was greatly influenced by his personality. He established the Nanga Association of Japan with Tanomura Choknyu and Taniguchi Aizan. While maintaining his status as a scholar, he explored progressive modes of painting and eventually established himself as a respected leader of the literary art world. He was appointed an Imperial Household Artist and was also a member of the Imperial Fine Arts Academy.